Home » Journal issues » Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023)

Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023)

Journal of Romanian Studies, 5, No. 1 (2023)

Editors:

Svetlana Suveica, Jill Massino, Iemima Ploscariu

Contents

Svetlana Suveica, Jill Massino

Editors’ Note

 (pp. 1-3)

Articles:

Maria Bucur

The Vanishing Invalid: Visual Representations of Disabled Veterans in Interwar Romania (pp. 5-25)

In Romania after World War I, visual representations of disability became both a necessity and a problem for developing a vocabulary to describe the everyday experience of more than 200,000 disabled veterans who lived in nearly every town and village. By exploring the history and signification of the Last Grenade monument in relation to other visual representations of disabled veterans, the author teases out how disability came to be understood in public discourse, performance, and policy both for those who returned home as visible “invalids,” as well as those who could hide disabilities or those who did not experience them.

Sonia D. Andraș

From Monitorul Oficial to Calea Victoriei: Decoding 1930s Bucharest through Women’s Fashion (pp. 27-54)

This paper explores the contrasts between the draconic taxation policies affecting garment production, dissemination, and intake in 1930s Romania and the concurrent glamour displayed by fashion-consuming women in public spaces in Bucharest. The focus is on the relationship between the Romanian state and the idea of fashionability represented by the flâneuses promenading Calea Victoriei. This paper employs visual and written text analysis to determine the commonalities in messaging and language used in the literature related to women’s fashion in interwar Bucharest. The sources range from fiction and non-fiction interwar books, illustrated and glossy periodicals, photographs, and postcards from the author’s personal collection. This research is built on the interdisciplinary model of fashion studies, borrowing methods from semiotics, cultural, fashion, and Romanian studies. Through the lens of fashion, the aim is to decode the negotiations between state authority agendas and women’s wish for prosperity and modernity.

Liviu Bordaș

On the Ḥadīth Corpus of Mircea Eliade: Preliminary Notes and an Open Gloss

(pp. 55-71)

The article is an introduction to the text of Mac Linscott Ricketts’s research interviews with Mircea Eliade, between 1981 and 1984 (with a supplementary conversation with Christinel Eliade dating from 1986). The editor’s note is preceded by an overview of the corpus of Eliade’s interviews and followed by a gloss on two of the less discussed radical criticisms of Eliade during the years 1985–1994, whose authors are referred to in the text of the interviews. In conclusion, it argues that the possibility of such diametrically opposed constructions of a “hidden” Eliade calls for a contextual examination of all the “reconstructions” which claim either to denounce or to annex him.

Source Translation: 

Liviu Bordaș

Mac Linscott Ricketts: Encounters with Mircea Eliade (pp. 73-103)

Ion Luca Caragiale (1852–1912) is best known as the leading Romanian dramatist from the nation-building period at the end of the nineteenth century. Caragiale also wrote satirical sketches on social issues of his day, capturing the appearance of new social types and issues of identity and alterity. The following two sketches, published in the Bucharest newspaper Universul in 1899 and 1909 respectively, not only offer entertaining snapshots of cultural formations but also anticipate more formal analyses of modern Romanian society in the making.

Book Reviews (pp. 105-120)

Gheorghe Gelu Păcurar

Maria Bucur. The Nation’s Gratitude. World War I and Citizenship Rights in Interwar Romania. New York: Routledge 2022. 238 pp.

Constantin Ardeleanu

Alex Drace-Francis. The Making of Mămăligă. Transimperial Recipes for a Romanian National Dish. Budapest: CEU Press 2022. 226 pp.

Alyssa Grossman

Raluca Mateoc and François Rüegg (eds). Recalling Fieldwork: People, Places and Encounters. Zürich: Lit Verlag, 2020.256 pp.

Christene d’Anca

Alexandra Chiriac. Performing Modernism: A Jewish Avant-Garde in Bucharest. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 2022. 232 pp.

Book Essay:

Letitia Guran

FEM: Revelation as a Path to a New Kind of Feminism